The Alliance seeks to address the impacts of cooking on health, the environment and the lives and livelihoods of women and children, with clean and efficient cookstove technologies and fuels. Within each category of cookstoves, there are a range of designs and performances. This variety reflects the differing economic factors, sociocultural factors, and energy requirements relevant to users around the world.

Within each category of stoves, there are a range of designs and performance.  More information on specific stove designs, including characteristics, prices, and performance, is available through the Clean Cooking Catalog.


Traditional and improved stoves are available for using charcoal fuels. Because traditional production of charcoal has serious environmental impacts, improving the efficiency of charcoal stoves can minimize these impacts. Burning charcoal tends to release a lot of carbon monoxide (CO), and some improved charcoal stoves are designed with the goal of reducing CO emissions.
Fuel Types used


Electric stoves convert electrical energy into heat for cooking. Use of electric stoves is limited to areas that have access to electricity, which can exclude rural communities. Induction stoves are a type of electric stove that produce heat when a high-frequency magnetic field comes into contact with compatible cookware, with no flames or emissions.
Fuel Types used


Ethanol is a liquid biofuel that can be made from a variety of feedstocks including sugary materials (e.g. sugar cane, molasses, sugar beet, or sweet sorghum), starchy materials (e.g. cassava (manioc), potatoes, or maize), or cellulosic materials (e.g. wood, grasses, and many agricultural residues) using a variety of conversion processes. Many new feedstocks are under development, such as algae, kelp and other wild or non-cultivated crops.
Fuel Types used

Gas/Biogas/Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG)

The properties of liquid and gas fuels tend to be efficient and clean burning, even in conventional low-pressure gas burners. Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is delivered to the household in cylinder/canisters. Access to this clean burning fuel type is increasing in the developing world, primarily in urban areas. To increase use of LPG, availability and affordability (stove, ongoing fuel requirements, and deposit for the gas canister) are challenges that need to be addressed. Biogas, produced from household- or community-level plants that convert organic waste material into combustible methane gas, is another clean fuel option for gas stoves.
Fuel Types used


Gasifier stoves force the gases and smoke that result from incomplete combustion of biomass fuels back into the cookstove's flame, until almost complete combustion has occurred, resulting in very few if any emissions. Gasifier stoves are also known as Top Lit Updraft (TLUD) stoves because some fuel is lit from the top of the stove, which forces combustible gases to pass through the flame. Gasifier stoves can also include a fan, to improve mixing of flame, gas, and smoke and to reduce emissions.
Fuel Types used


Plancha (griddle) stoves are designed for areas of the world where a hot flat surface is required to prepare meals, for example tortillas in Mexico and Central America. The plancha stove is designed to enclose the fire, direct hot flue gases to the metal or stone surface for efficient cooking, and often to vent any emissions via a chimney. Designs vary from built in place models to prefabricated modular stoves that are easy to install.
Fuel Types used


Rocket stoves have an insulated, L-shaped combustion chamber that improves combustion of gases and smoke inside the stove. Rocket stoves also incorporate design elements to improve heat transfer efficiency and to direct the flow of hot gases to the pot or griddle using insulation and narrow channels. Production of rocket stoves can range from centrally mass-produced products to locally produced artisanal products.
Fuel Types used


Solar cookstoves, often called solar cookers, can be used in areas where solar energy is abundant for most of the year, typically between 30 degrees north and south of the equator, where much of the developing world is located. There are several types of solar cookers – panel cookers with a clamshell shape, box cookers which fully enclose the pot, parabolic cookers that resemble a satellite dish, and vacuum tube cookers that work like greenhouses. Solar cookers have zero emissions, typically require changes to how and when users can cook and multiple devices to meet a households cooking needs.
Fuel Types used


Traditional stoves, including rudimentary open fires (e.g. three stone fire), are locally produced using available and low cost materials such as stones, ceramics, clay and bricks. These stoves also utilize readily available fuels such as wood or charcoal.
Fuel Types used