Y. von Schirndling, N. Bruce, K. Smith, G. Ballard-Tremeer, M. Ezzati, K. Lvovsky   |   2000
Type: Research Report
Topic: Health
Country: Global
More than 2 billion of the world’s poorest people still rely on biomass and coal-burning for household energy needs such as cooking and heating, putting women and children at increased risk of diseases such as pneumonia, chronic respiratory disease and lung cancer (coal only), which is estimated to account for a substantial proportion of the global burden of disease in developing countries. Intervention measures to reduce the impact of IAP include changes to the source, living environment and user behaviour, and can be delivered through policies operating at national and local level. IAP interventions perform favourably in terms of cost-effectiveness, with, for example, an improved stove programme costing US$ 50-100 per DALY saved. Although evidence on health effects and on cost-effectiveness is still in need of strengthening, concerted global action on this major preventable public health hazard impacting predominantly on the poor is long overdue. It is time to act.