Exposure to smoke from polluting, open fires or inefficient fuels – the primary means of cooking and heating for nearly three billion people in the developing world – causes nearly 4 million premature deaths annually, including nearly 106,900 deaths in Bangladesh, every year.

Exposure to smoke from cooking contributes to a range of chronic illnesses and acute health impacts such as early childhood pneumonia, emphysema, cataracts, lung cancer, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and low birth weight. Women and young children are the most affected, with more than 7,000 children in Bangladesh dying every year as a result of acute lower respiratory infections caused by the use of solid fuels.

Around 80 percent of Bangladesh’s population relies on solid fuel for their household cooking and heating needs. Reliance on biomass for cooking and heating leads to environmental degradation from increased pressure on local natural resources and forces women and children to spend many hours each week collecting wood. Inefficient cooking also contributes to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, and aerosols such as black carbon.


Clean Cooking Can Help

The use of cleaner, more modern cookstoves and fuels can dramatically reduce exposure to harmful cookstove smoke, can provide myriad economic opportunities for Bangladeshis, and can help reduce forest degradation and slow climate change. More modern stoves and cleaner fuels also reduce the time people—usually women and girls—need to spend collecting fuel, freeing up time for income generating activities or schoolwork.



Bangladesh has seen steady advancement in transforming the cookstoves and fuels sector in the past five years, here are some of the accomplishments and activities so far:

  • The government implemented a 10% reduction of import duty on improved cookstoves, making cooking technologies more affordable to consumers.
  • The Alliance launched a behavior change communication campaign to drive awareness and adoption of cleaner cookstoves and fuels, including government-sponsored digital communications outreach, door-to-door visits, market demonstrations, street theater, mobile audio-visual program shows, outdoor branding, and radio spots. The campaign has reached more than 15 million consumers in 2015
  • Three Catalytic Small Grants and four Enterprise Marketing Fund grants were awarded by the Alliance to companies working in the sector, enabling these companies to invest in production, distribution, human resources, and marketing, and receive capacity-building support and training on marketing and financial management.
  • The Alliance worked with the Ministry of Power on the creation of a Household Energy Platform to serve as the sector coordinator and to help achieve the country’s adoption goals
Country Statistics
Number of people who primarily use fuels such as wood, charcoal, coal, and kerosene for cooking - 135,500,000 (82%) (WHO, 2016)
Number of deaths per year attributable to household air pollution - 70,000 (IHME, 2017)
Percentage of woodfuel harvest that is unsustainable - 50% (Bailis et al., 2015)
Support for the Household Energy Platform
Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority
2016 - Bangladesh
12-5: Gender
Gender and Livelihood Impacts of Clean Cookstoves in South Asia
Practical Action Consulting
2012 - Bangladesh
13-5: Pilot Innovation Fund Round 2
Pilot Innovation Fund Round II: Prakti Pvt Ltd
Prakti Pvt Ltd
2014 - Bangladesh, India
Pilot Innovation Fund Round II: Rahimafrooz Renewable Energy Ltd
Rahimafrooz Renewable Energy Ltd
2014 - Bangladesh
15-3: Spark Fund Round 3
Spark Fund, Round Ill: Filament Engineering ltd.
Filament Engineering Limited
2015 - Bangladesh
15-4: Clean Cooking And Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
Support to SREDA for the Household Energy Platform
Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Aut hority (SREDA)
2016 - Bangladesh
16-1: CSG Bangladesh
Catalytic Small Grant Bangladesh - Future Carbon Limited
Future Carbon Limited
2016 - Bangladesh
Catalytic Small Grant Bangladesh - BD Vision
BD Vision
2016 - Bangladesh
Catalytic Small Grant Bangladesh- Venus International
Venus International
2016 - Bangladesh
Catalytic Small Grant - Eco Fuel Industry Limited
Eco Fuel Industry Limited
2016 - Bangladesh
16-2: BCC Fund
Clean Cooking BCC Fund - Social Marketing Company
Social Marketing Company
2016 - Bangladesh
17-2: WEF Round 4
Women's Empowerment Fund: Rahimafrooz
Rahimafrooz Renewable Energy, Ltd.
2017 - Bangladesh