Exposure to smoke from polluting, open fires or inefficient fuels – the primary means of cooking and heating for nearly three billion people in the developing world – causes nearly 4 million premature deaths, including 16,600 deaths in Kenya, every year. 

Cooking smoke contributes to a range of chronic illnesses and acute health impacts such as early childhood pneumonia, emphysema, lung cancer, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and low birth weight. Women and young children are the most affected, with more than 4,900 children in Kenya dying every year as a result of acute lower respiratory infections caused by the smoke from the use of solid fuels. 

Eighty percent of Kenya’s population relies on solid fuel for their household cooking needs. Reliance on biomass for cooking and heating leads to environmental degradation from increased pressure on local natural resources, and forces women and children to spend many hours each week collecting wood. Inefficient cooking also contributes to climate change through emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, and aerosols such as black carbon.


Clean Cooking Can Help

The use of cleaner, more modern cookstoves and fuels can dramatically reduce exposure to harmful cookstove smoke, can provide myriad economic opportunities for Kenyans, and can help reduce forest degradation and slow climate change. More modern stoves and cleaner fuels also reduce the time people—usually women and girls—need to spend collecting fuel, freeing up time for income generating activities or schoolwork.



Kenya has seen steady advancement in transforming the cookstoves and fuels sector in the past five years, here are some of the accomplishments and activities so far:

  • The Alliance has worked with local partners and the Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya to encourage government officials to remove or reduce taxes and tariffs that impede the growth of the clean cooking sector.
  • The government has also prioritized clean cooking as a key intervention for realizing its emissions reduction target under the Paris Agreement.
  • Working with local and international partners, the Alliance is helping to create a labeling program for clean cooking technologies. The program will provide consumers with easy-to-understand information on stove and fuel performance to help them make informed purchasing decisions.
  • The Alliance has awarded three Catalytic Small Grants to boost capacity, three grants from the Alliance Enterprise Market Fund for brand-building and marketing efforts, and supported two women-owned businesses from the Alliance’s Women’s Empowerment Fund.
  • In its 2016-2017 budget, the Kenyan government announced the removal of the 16% value added tax (VAT) on LPG
  • The Kenyan government reduced the import duty on efficient cookstoves from 25% to 10%, and placed a zero-rating VAT on clean cookstoves, raw materials, and their accessories in an effort to make the cooking technologies more affordable.
Country Statistics
Number of people who primarily use fuels such as wood, charcoal, coal, and kerosene for cooking - 43,000,000 (86%) (WHO, 2016)
Number of deaths per year attributable to household air pollution - 16,600
Percentage of woodfuel harvest that is unsustainable - 63% (Bailis et al., 2015)
05 - 07
07 - 08
12-3: Enhancing Capacity of Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers
Support to the Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI)- Stove Testing Centre
Kenya Industrial Research and Development Institute
2012 - Kenya
12-5: Gender
Understanding Impacts of Women’s Engagement in the Improved Cookstove Value Chain in Kenya
Johns Hopkins University
2012 - Kenya
12-7: Spark Fund
Support to Burn Manufacturing to Scale Up ICS Production in East Africa
BURN Manufacturing Co.
2012 - Kenya
Scaling Up Distribution of Efficient Cookstoves in Kenya
Klarisse Kenya Limited dba EzyLife Kenya
2012 - Kenya
Improving the Performance and Quality of Locally Manufactured Improved Cookstoves
GVEP International
2012 - Kenya
13-4: Spark Fund: Round II
Spark Fund, Round II: SimGas BV - East Africa Region
SimGas BV
2014 - Kenya, Tanzania
13-6 Women’s Empowerment Fund
WEF Grant: The Paradigm Project
The Paradigm Project
2014 - Kenya
14-1: Enhancing Capacity of Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers
2015 Support to the Kenya Indistrial Research and Development Institute (KIRDI) - Stove Testing Centre
Kenya Indistrial Research and Development Institute
2015 - Kenya
14-3: Pilot Innovation Fund III
PIF Round 3: EcoZoom
2015 - Kenya
15-5: Catalytic Small Grants East Africa
Catalytic Small Grant- SCODE
SCODE Limited
2015 - Kenya
Catalytic Small Grant- Eco Group Limited
Eco-Group Limited
2015 - Kenya
Catalytic Small Grant- Wisdom
Wisdoms Innovations
2015 - Kenya
Catalytic Small Grant- Kencoco
Kencoco Limited
2015 - Kenya
16-2: BCC Fund
Clean Cooking BCC Fund - PS Kenya
Population Services Kenya
2016 - Kenya
Clean Cooking BCC Fund - Mediae Company Ltd
The Mediae Company Ltd
2016 - Kenya
16-3: EMF Kenya
Kenya EMF - Livelyhoods
2016 - Kenya
Kenya EMF - Ecozoom
EcoZoom East Africa Ltd
2016 - Kenya
Kenya EMF - Consumer's Choice
Consumer's Choice Limited
2016 - Kenya
16-4: WEF Round 3
Women's Empowerment Fund: Bidhaa Sasa
Bidhaa Sasa Limited
2016 - Kenya
Women's Empowerment Fund: BURN Manufacturing Co.
Burn Manufacturing Co.
2016 - Kenya
17-2: WEF Round 4
Women's Empowerment Fund: LivelyHoods
2017 - Kenya
Award and Event Sponsorship
2014 Sankalp Awards
Intellectual Capital Advisory Services
2014 - India, Kenya
Carbon Finance, Impact Investing and Market Development Grants
Capacity Building Facility- Burn Manufacturing
Acumen Fund, Inc.
2015 - Kenya
Gender and Humanitarian Grants
Social Impact Assessment of Cookstove Pilot Project in Kenya
International Center for Research on Women
2016 - Kenya
Clean Cooking Awareness Pilot for Kenyan Youth
I Choose Life - Africa
2017 - Kenya
National Alliances
Support for the Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya
Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya
2013 - Kenya
2015 Support to the Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya
Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya
2015 - Kenya
2016 Support to the Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya
Clean Cookstoves Association of Kenya
2016 - Kenya
Market Manager

Daniel Wanjohi
Regional Manager, East Africa