Some countries have access to clean cooking technologies and fuels, others are more dependent on the use of polluting, open fires or inefficient fuels for their household cooking needs. The Alliance has gathered information from a number of sources to provide country-level snapshots of a range of factors related to access to clean cookstoves and fuels.

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By the Numbers

RegionSub-Saharan Africa
Population 43,178,141
Percentage of population using solid fuels for cooking88.7%
Number of people who primarily use fuels such as wood, charcoal, coal, and kerosene for cooking10.5 million (2019)
Percentage of woodfuel harvest that is unsustainable63% (Bailis et al., 2015)
Number of people affected by HAP38,800,000
Number of households affected by HAP10,884,000
Number of deaths per year attributable to HAP 21,560
Number of child deaths per year attributable to HAP 5,000
Urban population using solid fuels31.9%
Rural population using solid fuels95%>no data
Population using wood for cooking68.7%
Population using dung for cooking0.0%
Population using charcoal for cooking13.3%
Population using coal for cooking0.0%
Population using kerosene for cooking13.2%
Population using gas for cooking3.5%
Population using electricity for cooking0.6%
Population using other fuels for cooking0.7%